Self-hosted PaaS

A comparison table of platform-as-a-service or “Heroku clone” software that you can run on your own servers. “Self-hosted platform as a service” may seem like a contradiction, but it can make it easier to manage your applications in a uniform way. I focus on the smaller and simpler projects; no Kubernetes here.


Project name and link Type Technologies Management Notes
CapRover Multi-server (Docker swarm mode) TypeScript, Docker Web UI
Coolify Multi-server (independent Docker Engines) TypeScript, Docker Web UI
Dokku Single-server Bash, Docker CLI on the server
Exoframe Multi-server (Docker swarm mode) JavaScript, Docker CLI client on the deployment machine
Nua Single-server Python, Docker CLI on the server Documenation warns you to not yet use it in production.
Piku Single-server Python CLI client on the deployment machine Smaller than Dokku. Does not use Docker. Runs on low-end devices.
Sailor Single-server Python CLI on the server Fork of Piku. Does not use Docker.
Swarmlet (archived) Multi-server (Docker swarm mode) Bash, Docker CLI on the server


  • Wharf—a web UI for Dokku. Written in Python.